Content for Monday, July 17, 2023–Friday, July 21, 2023


Possible questions to reflect on

This is not a required list!

Remember, you don’t need to answer all of these—or even any of them! These are just here to help guide your thinking. Write about whatever you want.

  • Why is qualitative data difficult to visualize?
  • Why are word clouds so problematic? When is (not) okay to use them?

Other resources

Check out this slide show demonstrating a bunch of different ways to visualize text, as well as this collection of 400+ different text visualization techniques (!!)


The slides for today’s lesson are available online as an HTML file. Use the buttons below to open the slides either as an interactive website or as a static PDF (for printing or storing for later). You can also click in the slides below and navigate through them with your left and right arrow keys.

View all slides in new window Download PDF of all slides


Fun fact: If you type ? (or shift + /) while going through the slides, you can see a list of special slide-specific commands.


Videos for each section of the lecture are available at this YouTube playlist.

You can also watch the playlist (and skip around to different sections) here:


Silge, Julia, and David Robinson. 2017. Text Mining with R. Sebastopol, California: O’Reilly Media. https://www.tidytextmining.com/.